Tuesday, November 30, 2021
Tuesday, November 23, 2021
A field trip to the Spokane Valley Heritage Museum will be a treat for your genealogy minds, I guarantee. This is especially so if you live in the Spokane Valley. Note that they are opened "year round, Wednesday through Saturday." Good cold-day get-a-way for sure. Maybe a post-Thanksgiving outing?????
Friday, November 19, 2021
This wonderful bit comes from the Family Tree Magazine blog for
10 September 2021. This blog always contains “good stuff.”
Tuesday, November 16, 2021
Dale drove us south to visit the Colorado Railroad Museum in Golden, CO. This museum has over 100 railroad cars of various types, mostly donated by a collector in Arizona who began collected narrow-gage cars when the railroads switched to wider gage. I took a tour of several cabooses and learned the fascinating history of the caboose from Phil Smith, a long-time volunteer. And he’d worked on the railroad in his past so he was very knowledgeable. First thing he taught us was never to step ON the rails but always between the rails. Also, who is in charge of the trail, the engineer or conductor? The latter.
Why are there no cabooses on trains now? Technology. The rear-end car to watch the rails behind and the cars in front where men perched in the cupola of the caboose was replaced in the 1970s by FRED. This was a rear-end device that computer monitors everything and is a better safety device. This replaced two brakeman and even the conductor, who used to ride in the caboose, now rides up with the engineer.
Cabooses in days of yore were twenty or less cars so the caboose fellows had a good view of all the cars. (Nowadays they can be up to 200 cars!)
The earliest cabooses were empty box cars at the end of the train. This car contained a desk (for the conductor) and the many and various tools for the brakemen. There might be bunks (for resting between runs), a stove for heat and cooking. Initially a hole in the caboose roof was cut and the brakeman stood on boxes to see the train. In 1860 a cupola was introduced to better be able to watch the train. Each car carried two workers: a flagman and a brakeman.
Before air brakes, it was the job of the brakeman and flagman to run back and forth on the top of the train, hopping from car to car, hand setting the brake on each car, day or night, rain or shine. This was a dangerous job indeed. A federal law was passed by 1900 that all trains would have air brakes. Of course they squawked because it was expensive and cheaper to hire new men to replace those killed or maimed. Why would any man want to be a brakeman? It was the beginning career step to be a conductor. And remember that the only means of communication between the engine and caboose was voice, hand signals or lanterns.
The age of a particular caboose can be best guessed by the placement of the cupola….. front, end or middle. If you wish to know more about cabooses and their history, just do a Google search.
Phil Smith ended our tour with these words: “As in everything, technology and computers have replaced men over time and a better and safer job is done. Steam engines and cabooses are now history,” he added nostalgically.
Friday, November 12, 2021
Recently I enjoyed a browse through The Atlas of the North American Indian, by Carl Waldman, first published in 1985 and updated in 2009. I found the pages explaining the Northwest Indians and their culture to be so interesting.
One unexpected thing I gleaned from this book was a list of place names in Washington that are of native origins. Could you have come up with this list of 73 places?? (The list does include two names of French derivation.)
“TN” denotes a tribal-origin name. Places were tribal names, chief’s names, or of Indian derivation. For some names, the tribe was designated and for others it was not. Sometimes the meaning was given and sometimes not.
Anatone – TN
Asotin – Nez Perce “elk creek”
Cathlamet – TN
Chehalis – TN “sand”
Chewelah – TN
Chimacum – TN
Chinook – TN
Clallam – TN “big brave nation”
Conconully – TN “cloudy”
Copalis – TN
Cowlitz – TN “power”
Ilwaco – Chief El-Wah-ko-Jim
Entiat – TN “rapid water”
Kalotus – TN “hole in the ground”
Kittitas – TN “shoal people”
Klickitat – TN “beyond”
Latah – Nez Perce “place of pines”
Methow – TN
Moclips – Quinault “place where girls were sent during puberty rites”
Napavine – TN “small prairie”
Naselle – TN
Nespelem – TN
Nisqually – TN
Okanogan – TN “meeting place”
Omak – TN
Palouse – TN “grassy expanse”
Pend Oreille – French; “ear pendants”
Potlach – TN “give”
Puyallup – TN “generous people”
Queets – TN
Quilcene – TN
Quillayute – TN
Quinault – TN
Sanpoil – TN
Seattle – Chief Sealth
Selah – TN “still water”
Sequim – TN “quiet water”
Simcoe – TN “waist spine”
Similk – TN
Skagit – TN
Skamania – TN “swift water”
Skamokawa – Chief name
Skykomish – TN “inland people”
Snohomish – TN
Snoqualmie – TN “moon”
Spokane – TN “people of the sun”
Stehekin – TN “pass”
Steilacoom – Chief name
Sultan – Chief name
Suquamish – TN
Tacoma – TN “mountain god”
Tenino – TN
Tieton – TN “roaring water”
Toppenish – TN
Touchet – French; “fire cured salmon”
Toutle – TN
Tucannon – TN “bread root”
Tukwila – TN “land of hazelnuts”
Tulalip – TN “by with small mouth”
Tumwater – TN “heart”
Twisp – TN
Wahkiakum – Chief name
Walla Walla – TN “little river”
Washtucna – Chief name
Waukon – Chief name
Wauna – TN “spout creature”
Wenatchee – TN “river from canyon”
Whatcom – Chief name
Willapa – TN
Yacolt – TN “haunted place”Yakima – TN “growing families"
Tuesday, November 9, 2021
He shared four presentations with us:
- Smarter Search Strategies for Genealogy
- Brick Wall Breakthroughs
- Turning Genealogy Clues into Genealogy To Dos
- Did I Get Everything? A Checklist for Online Research
Friday, November 5, 2021
- Elvetta Lewis
- Nicholas Likarish
- Ozias Lewis
- Halaha Lewis (wife)
- Sonji Rutan's mother's obituary!
- Many lengthy 1920s newspaper stories of pioneer history
Tuesday, November 2, 2021
Was your ancestor a cooper or a cobbler? Join EWGS on Nov 6th to learn about the occupations of YOUR ancestors.
Was your ancestor a cooper or a cobbler? Both were important occupations in Colonial America.
During the EWGS program on November 6th, we will learn about the occupations of our ancestors, thanks to Ann Lawthers coming to us via ZOOM. Hope you’ll click in to join us………. Link will be posted on our website. Virtually see you there!